Student with dyslexia struggling to read

Five ways teachers can help students suffering from dyslexia

As a teacher, it can be challenging to support students with different learning styles and needs. One of the most common learning disabilities is dyslexia, which can make it difficult for students to read and write. Dyslexic students may struggle with letter and word recognition, fluency, and comprehension. However, with the right support and accommodations, dyslexic students can overcome these challenges and become confident and skilled readers. Here are five ways that teachers can help their dyslexic students read:

  1. Provide multisensory instruction

Dyslexic students benefit from multisensory instruction that engages all their senses in learning. Teachers can use a variety of techniques, such as visual aids, audio recordings, and hands-on activities, to help dyslexic students understand and remember information. For example, teachers can use colored overlays or highlighters to emphasize important information in texts, or use flashcards to practice sight words and phonics.

  1. Use assistive technology

Assistive technology can be a valuable tool for dyslexic students. There are many software programs and apps that can help students with reading difficulties, such as text-to-speech programs, speech-to-text dictation, and spell-check tools. Teachers can also use e-readers, which allow students to adjust the font size, style, and spacing, making it easier for them to read comfortably.

  1. Break down reading into manageable chunks

Reading can be overwhelming for dyslexic students, so it's important to break it down into smaller, more manageable chunks. Teachers can use reading guides, such as graphic organizers, to help students identify the main ideas, themes, and characters in a text. Teachers can also use repeated reading techniques, where students read the same passage multiple times, to improve fluency and comprehension.

  1. Provide explicit instruction in phonics and decoding skills

Phonics and decoding skills are critical for dyslexic students, as they help them to recognize and decode words. Teachers can provide explicit instruction in phonics and decoding skills, such as letter-sound correspondences, syllable patterns, and word families. Teachers can also use multisensory techniques, such as finger tapping and air writing, to help dyslexic students learn these skills.

  1. Build vocabulary and background knowledge

Dyslexic students may struggle with reading comprehension because they lack the background knowledge and vocabulary necessary to understand the text. Teachers can help students build their vocabulary and background knowledge by providing them with opportunities to read and discuss a variety of texts, including fiction and nonfiction. Teachers can also use vocabulary-building activities, such as word games and word maps, to help students learn new words and concepts.


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